What is the main idea of Guns Germs and Steel?
Diamond's main theme in Guns, Germs, and Steel is that the advantage of one society over another is not based on race or intelligence as some historians have claimed but instead on geography. Certain favorable aspects of local geography allow a group of people who live in that area to more easily produce food.
What's wrong with Guns Germs and Steel?
From Guns Germs & Steel to Collapse
The Jared Diamond of Guns, Germs, and Steel has almost no role for human agency–the ability people have to make decisions and influence outcomes. Europeans become inadvertent, accidental conquerors. Natives succumb passively to their fate.
Are Guns Germs Steel accurate?
While praised by many and well received, the book "Guns Germs and Steel" has been roundly criticized by the scientific specialists which make up the fields Diamond drew upon. The criticism notes that Diamond's book is a profound oversimplification of the topics presented and thus sacrifices accuracy.
How long does it take to read Guns Germs and Steel?
The average reader will spend 9 hours and 28 minutes reading this book at 250 WPM (words per minute).
What is Jared Diamond's theory of geographic luck?
Geographic luck. Jared Diamond's basic theory is that some countries developed more rapidly than others and were able to expand and conquer much of the world because of geographic luck.
What are the three major elements that separate the world's haves from the have nots?
The three major elements that separate the haves from the have nots are guns, germs, and steel. By planting and harvesting at specific times, while selecting seeds from plants with favorable characteristics, humans were able to domesticate crops and plants and induce artificial selection to get better yields.
What is Diamond's thesis in Guns Germs and Steel?
Jared Diamond's thesis in Guns, Germs, and Steel is that the countries of the world that became rich and powerful did so because of geographical luck. These countries did not become rich and powerful due to racial or cultural reasons. They did not become rich and powerful because they were better than other countries.
What was Pizarro's secret weapon?
Jared Diamond: This is Pizarro's secret weapon; pigs and cows, sheep and goats, domestic animals. Remember that Pizarro was a swineherd.
What is Jared Diamond's answer to Yali's question?
What question is Jared Diamond trying to answer in Guns Germs and Steel? “Guns, Germs, and Steel” is his answer to a question proffered by his New Guinean friend, Yali: “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo [steel axes, umbrellas, matches, soft drinks, etc.
Who wrote Guns Germs and Steel?
Why has one culture—namely that of Western Europe—dominated the development of the modern world? In his Pulitzer Prize-winning book Guns, Germs and Steel, scientist Jared Diamond argues that the answer is geography.
Why did Eurasians have an advantage when it came to germs?
The Eurasians had better geographic luck. Their luck gave them many domesticated animals that lived in close proximity to them. The infectious diseases that the Eurasians carried came from those animals. The Eurasians carried the germs for infectious diseases where Native Americans and other people did not.
Why does diamond hypothesize that New Guineans might be on the average smarter than Westerners?
Diamond suggests two reasons for his impression that New Guineans are smarter than Westerners. One is environmental, with Diamond believing that, compared to the passive television based environment of Westerners, New Guinean children are exposed to a far more stimulating environment.
Why do societies fail?
Environmental damage, climate change, globalization, rapid population growth, and unwise political choices were all factors in the demise of societies around the world, but some found solutions and persisted.
What examples of geographic luck did Europeans benefit from?
Europe's livestock were also used for war and to plow land for nutritious foods that Europe's geographic luck had pulled through for. While the Inca got bad land and the New Guineans got sago, the Europeans got arable land with nourishing wheat and barley to grow in it.
Why were the Spaniards full of fear?
The Spaniards were “full of fear” (p. 68) because as they approached Cajamarca they realized that they were severely outnumbered: “Hernando Pizarro estimated the number of Indian Soldiers there at 40,000, but there were actually more than 80,000” (p. 68).
Who is Jared Diamond and what does he study?
Jared Diamond is one of America's most celebrated scholars. A professor of Geography and Physiology at the University of California, he is equally renowned for his work in the fields of ecology and evolutionary biology, and for his ground-breaking studies of the birds of Papua New Guinea.
Do you agree with Jared Diamond when he says of a civilizations?
Do you agree with Jared Diamond when he says of a civilizations ability to gain power, wealth, and strength, "... what's far more important is the hand that people have been dealt, the raw materials they've had at their disposal." Why or Why not? I agree.
What is the main geographical difference between the Middle East 13000 years ago and today How did this help its inhabitants?
The world was becoming warmer and wetter. One area where humans were thriving was the Middle East. 13,000 years ago, the Middle East was far less arid than today, with more forests, trees and plants.
How are people domesticating crops to get bigger?
They domesticated crops and created plants that had bigger yieldings by planting and harvesting at specific times during the year which interfered with nature; the people only choose the biggest and tastiest seeds from the crops grown and breed them and used it to increase the harvest.
Why were Europeans exposed to smallpox before the 1600s?
Europeans introduced germs that these populations had never before been exposed to, particularly smallpox. Because Europeans had been exposed to the disease over the course of centuries, their bodies had built up a natural resistance (antibodies) to these diseases.
Why did the Spanish have horses when the Incas did not?
The Incas were not allowed to ride horses for centuries after the Spanish occupation began. The Spaniards wanted to keep the power of horses for themselves-and with good reason.
How did the development of steel help civilizations gain power?
Steel helped civilization gain power by creating steel weapons and tools to farms.
What disease killed the Inca?
Smallpox is widely blamed for the death of the Inca Huayna Capac and blamed as well for the enormous demographic catastrophe which enveloped Ancient Peru (Tawantinsuyu).
Why did the Incas not have writing?
The Inca did not have any alphabetic writing to fulfill the purpose of communication and store knowledge. What they did make use of was the Quipu system, a simple and very mobile system that has striking capacities to store various data.
Why couldn't the Incas read or write?
Why couldn't the Incas read or write? The Sumarians were the only ones to every invent reading or writing and it spread because of geography. It didn't spread because of geography; different climates and vegetaiton.
How does Diamond determine the subject of GGS?
Diamond makes it clear in the Prologue to Guns, Germs, and Steel that he set about writing the book to answer "Yali's Question," a query posed by a man in New Guinea by that name. Yali asked why white people had so much "cargo," or manufactured goods, when his people had so few.
Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo but we black people had little cargo of our own?
There, in 1974, a local named Yali asked Diamond a deceptively simple question: “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo, but we black people had little cargo of our own?” Diamond knew that the answer had little to do with ingenuity or individual skill.
Where did the germs that killed South Americans come from?
Over time, animal infections crossed species, evolving into new strains which became deadly to man. Diseases like smallpox, influenza and measles were in fact the deadly inheritance of the Eurasian farming tradition – the product of thousands of years spent farming livestock.
Why did history unfold differently on different continents?
Stated simply, the broadest pattern of history — namely, the differences between human societies on different continents — seems to be attributable to differences among continental environments and not at all to biological differences among peoples themselves.
What was Yali's question?
Terms in this set (19) Yali's Question is: Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo for ourselves?